What Were the Effects of the 1900 Buganda Agreement

Buganda would now be a protectorate province and would be transformed into a constitutional monarchy, greatly strengthening the power of the Lukiiko (Advisory Council) and reducing the role of the Kabaka. [1] The British were also given the right to veto future Kabaka decisions and control over many other appointments. [5] These provisions on the roles of kabaka and Lukiiko were largely annulled by the Buganda Agreement of 1961. [5] Officials of the Kingdom. Regent Stanislas Mugwanya (center) with other Buganda chiefs in the 1890s, during the reign of Kabaka Daudi Chwa II. Regents and chiefs benefited from the distribution of land under the Buganda Agreement of 1900, which rewarded them for their cooperation with the British. FILE PHOTO Before the signing of the agreement, the whole country belonged to the Buganda Kabaka, hence the title Sabataka. Daudi Chwa, who was a minor when the deal was signed, said that at the age of majority, he said British control had diluted his authority. My current position is so precocious that I am no longer the direct leader of my people. My subjects see me only as one of the paid British servants. That`s because I don`t really have power over my people, not even the smallest leader,” Chwa said after Baganda and British rule over Low and Pratt in 1900-1995. Any order given, whether by my local chief or by Lukiiko himself, is always viewed with contempt unless confirmed by the district commissioner. Chwa`s oath showed how buganda had been enslaved.

At the request of Sir Gerald Portal, Alfred Tucker, Bishop of East Africa and later Bishop of Uganda, asked the British authorities to take control of Uganda. In 1935, Sir Philip Mitchell arrived in Uganda as governor after serving in Tanganyika for the past sixteen years. He was convinced that relations between Uganda and the Protecting Power should be of a different character from that between the local authorities and the Government of Tanganyika. [9] Recognizing that early protectorate officials had produced a pattern of growing distrust and clandestine change, Mitchell developed a plan for reform and restructuring of the system between the Protectorate and Buganda governments. [10] He asserted that the relationship between the protectorate government and the Buganda indigenous government was one of a protected rather than indirect regime, and planned to replace the position of Buganda provincial commissioner with a resident and remove officials from the central district, provided that the kabaka was obliged to follow the advice of the resident and his staff. [9] However, under the Uganda Agreement of 1900, the Kabaka was only required to respond to this advice if the Lukiiko resolutions were implemented. Relations between the Kabaka, the Protectorate Government and its ministers deteriorated, and due to the Governor`s limited power under the 1900 Agreement to impose his advice on Kabaka, the reorganization led to a steady decline in the influence that the Protectorate Government could exert in Buganda. [9] The Uganda Agreement (alternatively the Treaty of Mengo) of March 1900 formalized relations between the Kingdom of Uganda and the British Protectorate of Uganda. [1] It was amended by the Buganda Agreement of 1955 and the Buganda Agreement of 1961. Our Country Uganda`s study (1997) also found that after Uganda was declared a British protectorate in 1894, the British marked the beginning of a strong influence and loss of power of traditional kings, leading to disagreements between local kings who saw their power taken away by European rulers.

After taxation. As for the allocation of the 8,000 square miles among the 1,000 private landowners, this will be a matter that will have to be left to the decision of the Lukiko, with an appeal to the Kabaka. The Lukiko is authorized to decide on the validity of claims, the number of applicants and the amount of land granted, provided that the total amount of land so allocated between the chiefs and granted to the indigenous landowners of the land cannot exceed 8,000 square miles. 5. Laws promulgated by Her Majesty`s Government for the general administration of the Protectorate of Uganda shall also apply to the Kingdom of Uganda, unless they are particularly contrary to the provisions of this Agreement; in that case, the provisions of this Agreement shall constitute a specific exception in respect of the Kingdom of Uganda. The agreement was negotiated by Alfred Tucker, Bishop of Uganda,[5] and signed, among others, by Katikiro Apollo Kagwa of Buganda on behalf of the Kabaka (Daudi Cwa II), who was still a child at the time, and Sir Harry Johnston on behalf of the British colonial government. The agreement stipulated that the Kabaka were to exercise direct domination over the buganda natives, who administered justice through the Lukiiko and its officials. [6] He also cemented the power of the bakungu clientele chiefs, largely Protestant, led by Kagwa.

The British sent only a few officials to administer the country and relied mainly on the Bakungu chiefs. .